The five pillars are basically the five important facts and criteria for the Muslims that have been mentioned in Islam. These rights are considered important by the believers of Allah and these are the basic foundation of Muslims as well. The five pillars of Islam is as under:
Faith or Shahada is the declaration and faith that there is no God but Allah and Allah is the one and only supreme power. The legitimate power that can do whatever they want to do. The recited words that lā ʾilāha ʾillā-llāhu muḥammadun rasūlu-llāh (لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا الله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ الله) is the verse that explains the supremacy.
Salat is the Arabic word for prayer. Salat is basically the performance of five prayers daily according to the teachings and these are explained very well through ahadess as well. the five names of the prayers are as follows: fajar, zuhr, Asar, Maghrib, and Isha. There are timings as well for these prayers. Fajar is performed before Sunrise. Zohar is performed when the sun surpassed its highest point during the day. Asr is the prayer that is offered before sunset and it is in the evening time. Maghrib is offered as soon as the sun sets and there is very little light in the sky. Isha is the prayer of night. Ablution or wuzu is mandatory for performing prayer. Wuzu is actually the purification of the body. Men have to offer these prayers in mosques whereas women have to perform it at home. It is one of the important things that differentiates the Muslim from nonmuslim.
Zakat or alms is on of the generous practices of Islam and this not only provides swab to Muslims but also it provokes the enthusiasm among Muslims to help those who are in need
And could not ask for help due to self-respect and for the fact that they are the white collars who themselves do not ask for help and money. So, this is the reason Allah mentioned in Quran to help such people by searching them regularly. There are certain things that should be followed before giving zakat:
- The giver should clear the intention in front of Allah that he is giving Zakat.
- Once given, it could not be taken back, if anything or mishap occurs between the taker and the giver.
- Zakat should be given in such a way that the taker does not get embarrassed or feel low and the giver should not give it in a way that makes him/her feel proud or the intention is to make that person low.
Fasting is an obligatory act that is mandatory during the month of Ramzan. In Fast, Muslims usually keep themselves abstain from food and drink from sunrise to sunset for the sake of Allah. Fasting is the act that is mandatory for every Muslim who had reached its puberty. The actual meaning of fast is to seek repentance from Allah and hope for it from seek closeness and to look for forgiveness and hope for it from Allah.
This is the last pilgrim that occurs in the month of Zil-Hajj. This is performed in the holy city of Makkah. Those who are capable enough to spend money according to the Islamic Nisab should perform Hajj. According to the Islamic teachers, Hajj is the total devotion of one towards Allah and to keep in mind the greatness and power of Allah. The pilgrim made at any time except for the month of Zil-Hajj is considered as Umrah. There are different steps in Hajj as well that should be followed according to the Sunnah only like wearing ihram, visit mina, tawaf, zakaah etc.